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in this assignment I will be exploring the treatment of African
American woman in the United States. I chose this topic
because I’ve primarily lived in Canada and have been so
accustomed to the healthcare system. I want to understand the
juxtaposition between the two and then go deeper into the
African American woman’s disparity of treatment. This subject
matter is relevant because African American woman have been
found to experience more complications within the healthcare
system in comparison to their white counterparts. This topic
relates to social interactions between minorities and the
government. The social conflict theory would work best to
describe the improper distribution of care amongst patients.
Under the basic classifications of being human the assumption is that the healthcare system would be deemed under cultural universal. However; we find it to fall below the classification of of particular. There is already a disparity of general treatment of African Americans in comparison to their majority counterparts that then pours over into the American health care system. The concept of culture helps discern the lack of impartial treatment of African Americans within the healthcare system. African American socialization is strongly influenced by their long standing history in America. A leading agent of socialization is the treatment received from government officials that denied the acknowledgment of African Americans being “people”. Their socialization is also affected by misconceptions and beliefs fueled by stereotypes. Specifically those that refer to individuals pain increased pain tolerance based on race.
Social institutions such as insurance companies inflict a negative impact on minorities. Through specific stipulations and coverage based on income or employment status a vast majority have struggled to cover treatment.
I found that there is a “mixed contact” relationship between minorities and healthcare professionals. Being that the stigmatized demographic have to debunk preconceived notions in order to receive proper treatment. Whereas the “normal” has to view the patient as a individual and not as a societal representation.
The reproductive and sexual health of African American women has been affected by various experiences due to their race, including discriminatory health practices past the slavery era. Many studies rarely touch on the underpinnings of racial discrimination and how it negatively influences the current outcomes of African American women. Although there have been some improvements to ascertain equitable healthcare is achieved, the historical effects give a wide scope of the unexplored current-day reproductive and sexual health epidemiology variances among African American women. It is important to note that the legacy associated with the treatment of African women is inadequate and attached to some social determinants exacerbating black women (McCoy,2020). These determinants include residential segregation, unemployment, and poverty, making African American women likely to suffer mainly in the health sector.
The American society system besets various sects with inequality, which has greatly impacted African American women. Social inequality contributes to a great gap in services delivery, hence poor outcomes among the African American population (Simons et al., 2021). Besides, there is still a huge gap in how African American women are treated compared to their white counterparts. Many African American women still report discrimination cases, which continues to affect the way they feel about themselves and their position in the Past the slavery era, African American women continue to face disparities in the American healthcare system contributing to the gaps in health insurance coverage, poorer health outcomes, and uneven access to services (Noonan et al., 2016). Despite factors such as sexuality and gender exposing African American women to health risk behaviors, minorities are more likely to lack health insurance and regular access to healthcare (Trinh et al., 2017). For instance, as of 2018, the uninsured percentage among African Americans stood at 9.7 percent higher than just 5.4 percent among whites, with African American women dying of pregnancy-related grounds at three times the rate for white women even after considering education, income, and the access to other resources (Taylor, 2019). Despite the differences based on biology, the disparities develop through gendered experiences over an individual’s lifetime based on differences in access to resources and societal gender norms.
Racial minorities suffer from a lack of healthcare services due to the existing income inequalities and macro-economic policies that do not favor African American families (McCartney et al., 2019). While health coverage expansions under the ACA have been on the rise, the continued high cost of health coverage options means a high cost of accessing affordable healthcare among African American women. For instance, while the average family spends 11 percent of family income on healthcare premiums and out-of-pocket costs of health, African American families spend an average of almost 20 percent of their household incomes on healthcare premiums (Taylor, 2021). Bearing the existing income inequalities within the American society, such expenditure and out-of-plan medical bills continue to adversely affect the financial security of African American families. Besides, the high cost of healthcare has maintained the number of uninsured and underinsured African American women high.
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Edit the top portion for paper format. Most is fine except the first paragraph.
Your final paper is to be a combination of Writing Assignments 1, 2, 3, and 4 with an additional summary to bring the concepts you have learned this term together as related to the topic you chose in Writing Assignment Note: The total word count on your paper should be at least 500 words.
Review the instructor feedback from Writing Assignments 1,2,3, & 4 and make any corrections or additions suggested by your professor. Then, combine these paragraphs to make up the introduction and body of your paper.
2. Add a closing paragraph (150-200 words) summarizing your topic and how it relates to sociology based on what you have learned this term.